Fakeshaw

Fakeshaw is a category of synthetic machine-manufactured, mass-produced, factory-made objects that are intended to resemble scrimshaw. To search the fakeshaw database on this page,  begin by pressing Ctrl-F to invoke your browser's find function. You can search any keyword in any title or description. You can use the Table of Contents below to quickly jump to any section of interest.

 


1a.
A.T. MOGER
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
Juratone 111TH.
NO TEXT.  Obverse:  Starboard-side portrait of a full-rigged ship with 9 gunports, most sails set, decorative rope-pattern and olive-branch borders.  Reverse: Standing Miss Liberty with right breast bare, holding USA flag and shield; anchor; border with harpoon.

1b.
A.T. MOGER
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ17.

ACUSHNET
-see TOBACCO JAR (Acushnet)

ADAMS, JAMES
-see JAMES ADAMS

ADMIRAL HOWE
-see BRUNSWICK

ADMIRAL LORD NELSON
-see NELSON

2.
ADVENTURE & QUEDAGH
Tooth, +7 inches (18 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse: Two ships, labeled (in framed  panel) "THE ADVENTURE CAPTURES / THE QUEDAGH."  Facial portrait, British flags, cannon, anchor.  No decoration on verso.

3a.
ALBATROSS
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
Juratone 117TH.
Obverse:  Dated 1840, signed J.H.A.  Starboard view of a full-rigged ship, sperm-whaling scene in foreground, framed with oval decorative rope motif.  Reverse: Three-quarter frontal full-length portrait of nude woman, USA flag, anchor in background, inscribed "My love Jayne."

3b.
ALBATROSS
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
New Juratone S1.

3c.
ALBATROSS
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ2.

ALL IN A DAY'S WORK
-see VERONICA

ALLEN, JAMES
-see JAMES ALLEN
-see TOPAZ

AMPHION
-see OVAL PICTURES

ARION
-see OH GREAT JEHOVAH…

153.
ANIMAL BOX (Animals)
Vertical rectangular box with lid,
3.5 x 2.5 inches (9 x 6.5 cm).
[History Art USA #B5.]
NO TEXT.  Sides have pictures of caribou or deer, sheep or mountain goat, etc.; lid has a knob; ornately decorated throughout.

4.
ANIMAL BOX (Arctic)
Cube with lid, height 3.5 inches (9 cm).
Historycraft SC30.
Four-sided box, featuring animals respectively labeled "HUSKY," "DALL SHEEP," "WALRUS," and "POLAR BEAR."

134.
ANIMAL BOX (Beatrice)
Rectangular box with lid, 3.625 x 4.75 inches (9.2 x 12 cm), height 1.75 inches (4.5 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Pictures on the sides inscribed "The Dolphin," initials "HH," "HUMPBACK," "Home is the sailor / home from the sea"; on the top, 5 beveled panels: at center, compass rose inscribed "Whaleship / 'Beatrice,'" surrounded by pictures of "SPERM Whale," ship under sail with 2 boat lowered (the one in the foreground is fast),  albatrosses or gulls flying over 2 whaleboats and whale, a brig (?) flying crude British ensign with a whale forward and a boat aft; inside lid, bare-breasted mermaid underwater with fish.

154.
ANIMAL BOX (Birds)
Vertical rectangular box with lid, 3.5 x 2.5 inches (9 x 6.5 cm), height not determined.
[History Art USA #B4.]
NO TEXT.  Sides have pictures of birds; lid has a knob; ornately decorated throughout.

155.
ANIMAL BOX (Ezekiel Gurt)
Cube with lid, height 4.25 inches (10.8 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Sides: a crude stern-quarter view of a bark with sea-birds and potted flowers, labeled "BARK EZEKIEL GURT 1878"; pictures respectively labeled "SEAL / WALRUS" and "POLAR BEAR"; the crudely-rendered inscription "And now the STORM BLAST," surmounted by an albatross; with sperm-whaling vignette below.  The square lid has a crude compass rose and decorative border (however, the lid may be interchangeable with other models).

156.
ANIMAL BOX (Whales)
Rectangular box with lid, similar to #134;
perhaps 3.625 x 4.75 inches (9.2 x 12 cm), height 1.75 inches (4.5 cm)
[History Art USA #B6.]
NO TEXT.  On the sides, various species of whales; on the top, 5 beveled panels: at center, compass rose surrounded by pictures of whales.

157.
APPLE (BOX)
Round box with lid, size unknown.
[History Art USA #X1.]
NO TEXT.  Lid has quaint scene of apple harvest, 2 human figures, dog, apple crate, house in background, decorative border; sides have bird in flight, trees, leafy border.

5.
ARCTIC OCEAN
Panbone or tusk segment, length 7.5 inches (19 cm).
Historycraft SC6;  ExF WT40.
Ship and bark with distinctive albatross-like bird overhead, boats lowered among ice and sperm whales, labeled above (in riband devices) "1852" and "Arctic Ocean."

ARCTIC OCEAN
-see CRIBBAGE BOARD (Nolan)
-see NIGER & SEA FOX
-see TAKEN IN THE ARCTIC BY…
-see TAKEN IN THE ARCTIC OCEAN

6.
ASCENSION ISLAND
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Historycraft SC1;  ExF WT42.
Obverse:  Port stern-quarter view of a two-masted vessel at sea, oval decorative frame, labeled "Ascension Island." Reverse:  Battery cannon.

ASHER, CAPTAIN JOHN
-see TIMOLEON

7.
BAFFIN BAY
Tooth,  4.5 inches (11.4 cm).
Historycraft SC3; ExF WT61.
Obverse: Arctic scene with whale, boat, and stern-quarter view of ship, labeled (above) "Baffin Bay 1783."  Reverse:  Starboard bow view of a full-rigged ship flying a Union Jack, and a pennant aloft.

BAFFIN WHITBY
-see SCORESBY, WILLIAM

BALT. RAILROAD
-see PADDLE STEAMER (Eclipse)

BEATRICE
-see ANIMAL BOX (Beatrice)
-see CRIBBAGE BOARD (Beatrice)

158.
BERMUDOS (BOX)
Round box with lid, size not specified.
[History Art USA #B11; catalogue title is "Mid Ocean-rd-Bermuda style."]
Lid has map with compass rose labeled above "BERMUDOS" in ill-formed, faux uncial; sides have tropical vignettes.

150.
BLANK TOOTH (Blunt)
Tooth, ±6 inches (15.2 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.  Nye T6.]
NO TEXT.  Simulated sperm-whale tooth, "polished" but plain and undecorated.  There may be several sizes and shapes; see the ensuing.

151.
BLANK TOOTH (Pointy)
Tooth, ±6 inches (15.2 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.  Nye T7.]
NO TEXT.  Simulated sperm-whale tooth, "polished" but plain and undecorated.  There may be several sizes and shapes; see the preceding.

BONE POT
-see CHESAPEAKE BAY 1856

8.
BONHOMME RICHARD & SERAPIS
Tusk, 23 inches (58 cm).
Juratone 104LTW.
Obverse:  Labeled "The Bonhomme Richard & Serapis," "Flamborough Head" (in riband device); two warships, decorative borders.  Reverse:  Dated 1779; two portraits respectively labeled "Captain Richard Pearson" and "John Paul Jones" (in ribands); decorative borders.

BONHOMME RICHARD
-see also OVAL PICTURES

9.
BOOKEND[S]
Tooth on stand, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
Historycraft SC40.
[It is unclear whether several different "scrimshaw teeth" are or were available as bookends.  The one illustrated in the Historycraft catalogue depicts "THE SHIP LIBERTY" (q.v.).]

159.
BOSCOBEL (BOX)
Oval box with lid, size not specified.
[History Art USA #B32.]
NO TEXT.  Ornate, formal floral and vine decorations on lid and sides.

10.
BOSTON
Tooth, 5 inches (12.7 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
-continued overleaf->
Obverse: Standard bow-quarter view of a full-rigged ship at sea, sails set, flying USA ensign at the taffrail, labeled (above) "WHALER BOSTON."  Reverse:  Horn-of-plenty with fruit, decorated with stripes and olive-branch pattern, initials T.L., dated 1831.

BOURBON
-see DECANTER LABELS

BOWERS, T.
-see PRINCE

BOXES
-see ANIMAL BOX
-see BOSCOBEL (BOX)
-see CHESAPEAKE BAY 1856
-see DESK TIDY
-see NELSON PILL BOX
-see PENCIL BOX
-see SNUFF BOX
-see SPRAGUE
-see TOBACCO JAR
-see TOOTH BOX

11.
BRANDENBURG
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
Juratone 110TH.
Obverse:  Starboard bow-quarter view of a full-rigged ship with fancy bow, stern galleries, with some sails set; labeled "The Brandenburg"; decorative borders.  Reverse:  Royal arms with crown, lion, and unicorn, inscribed with Latin motto and below "DIEU ET MON DROIT."

12a.
BRUNSWICK
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
Juratone 106TH.
Obverse:  Starboard stern-quarter view of a three-decked ship-of-the-line flying Union Jack, labeled "The Glorious 1st of June" and "The Brunswick." Reverse: Bust portrait labeled "Admiral Howe," dated 1726-1799.

12b.
BRUNSWICK
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ23.

13.
BUFFALO BILL
Tooth, 6 inches (15.2 cm).
Historycraft SC19.
Obverse:  Full-length portrait featuring rustic costume and a gun, labeled "BUFFALO BILL."  Reverse: Equestrian portrait labeled "PONY EXPRESS / FROM ST. JOSEPH / TO / SAN FRANCISCO/ IN TEN DAYS."

CALDER, CAPT. THOS
-see DELTA

CAPTURE, THE
-see LIGHTHOUSE
-see NEW BEDFORD

14a.
CATALPA
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ31.
Obverse:  Starboard view of a bark under sail, flying USA ensign astern and aloft, labeled (in riband) "THE CATALPA."  Reverse:  Elevated view with "widow's walk" and village beyond, inscribed "Nantucket wives watch for their Husband's Ships."

14b.
CATALPA
Tooth, 6.5 inches (16.5 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]

15a.
CAVALIER
Tusk, 19 inches (48 cm).
Juratone 101 MTW.
Obverse:  Labeled "THE BARK CAVALIER of New Bedford"; flower-and-pot and star devices; fancy borders.  Reverse:  Right whale; flag / cannon / shield patriotic device; pastoral farm or plantation scene with house, trees, wall, hills, etc.

15b.
CAVALIER
Tusk, 17 inches (43 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified].

15c.
CAVALIER
Tusk, 12.5 or 13 inches (31-33 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified].

CANES
-see WALKING STICKS

CHALLENGER
-see PENGUINS
-see TORTOISE SHELL

16a.
CHARLES W. MORGAN
Tusk, 23 inches (58 cm).
Juratone 101LTW.
Obverse: Labeled "The Ship CHARLES W. MORGAN New Bedford," initials D.M.S., elevation views of Right and sperm whales, patriotic USA flags, decorative borders. Reverse: Dated 1842, whaling scene with spouting sperm whales, ships, boats, albatrosses, decorative borders.

16b.
CHARLES W. MORGAN
Tusk, 19.5 inches (50 cm).
Grooveport SJ37.
[Catalogue title is "Charles Morgan."]
17a.

CHESAPEAKE
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
Juratone 103TH.
Obverse:  Stern-quarter view of frigate flying pennants aloft and American ensign astern, labeled "THE CHESAPEAKE."  Reverse:  Bust portrait labeled "JAMES LAWRENCE."

17b.
CHESAPEAKE
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ32.

CHESAPEAKE
-see also OVAL PICTURES

18.
CHESAPEAKE BAY 1856
Bone segment, 2 inches (5 cm).
Historycraft SC39.
Small case or stand for pencil stubs, etc., labeled "CHESAPEAKE / BAY/ 1856 / VIRGINIA."  Catalogue title "Bone Pot."

19.
CHINESE FIGURE (female)
Height ±13 inches (33 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
NO TEXT.  One of a pair.  See the ensuing.

20.
CHINESE FIGURE (male)
Height ±13 inches (33 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
NO TEXT.  Pair of male and female statue figures (see the preceding), elaborately dressed in formal Oriental garb with ritual accessories, in imitation of the classical Chinese style; chop-like markings at base.

CHRISTIAN, DANIEL
-see HIPPO TOOTH

CLARK, COLONEL ROGERS
-see COLONEL ROGERS CLARK

160.
CLIPPER SHIP BOX
Round box with lid, size not specified.
[History Art USA #M6.]
NO TEXT.  Plain sides; lid has a starboard bow view of a ship under sail, lighthouse in background.

21.
COCK PHEASANT
Tooth, 4.5 inches (11.4 cm).
Grooveport SC7.
Obverse: Game-bird in the field, labeled "COCK PHEASANT."  Reverse: Fox, labeled "RED FOX."  There are evidently also corkscrew and letter opener versions.

192.
COLONEL ROGERS CLARK
Tooth, 4.5 inches (11.4 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse: Bust portrait "Colonel Rogers Clark" in riband, "1779."  Reverse: Flag, Union Jack quartered, 11 stripes; cannon and powder horn device; "1779."

COLT NAVY
-see LITTLE BIGHORN

22a.
COMET
Tooth, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
Juratone 116TH.
Obverse:  Patriotic device: USA flags, harpoon, 6 cannonballs, labeled "THE COMET," dated 1831; a spouting sperm whale, harpoons; mystic eye at point; signed "D. Hart." Reverse: Port-side view of a full-rigged ship, initials J.A.S.

22b.
COMET
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ30.

COMMODORE PERRY
-see PERRY, COMMODORE

161.
COMPASS BOX
Round box with lid, size not specified.
[History Art USA #B2; catalogue title is "Compass lid with ships in base."]
The lid has a 16-point compass rose; the sides may have pictures of ships and/or boats, with the caption "AMERICAN / SAILING VESSELS… 1859-…."

162.
CONSTITUTION BOX
Round box with lid, size not reported.
[History Art USA #M7.]
Plain sides; lid has larboard-quarter bow portrait of a frigate labeled in a riband "U.S.S. CONSTITUTION."

163.
CONSTITUTION SHIP
Tooth, size not specified.
[History Art USA #T1.]
NO TEXT.  Larboard bow portrait of a full-rigged ship under sail.

23.
U.S. CONSTITUTION [sic]
Tooth, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
Juratone 118TH.
Obverse:  Naval engagement, British frigate in foreground with spars down; warship in background flies USA flags. Reverse:  Eagle, flags, cannon, shot, etc., arranged as a patriotic device, labeled (in ribands) "ON THE/19TH OF AUGUST / 1812" and "VENI VEDI VICI."

COOPER, CAPTAIN J.
-Possibly associated with the ExF version of FOX (q.v.).

135.
CORAL SEA
Panbone, 17 inches (43 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Companion piece to "TOPAZ" (q.v.).  Elaborate whaling scene in tropical waters with high mountains in background.  Reverse: Labeled "Whaler Coral Sea off Tahiti 1821."

CORKSCREWS
-see COCK PHEASANT
-see EAGLE
-see STOAT

CORINNA
-see PERRY, CAPTAIN

24.
CRIBBAGE BOARD (Beatrice)
Tusk, 14 inches (35.6 cm).
Historycraft SC23.
With 124 holes for pegs; ship portrait at each end, one inscribed "Ship Beatrice? 1797" and the other inscribed with a motto beginning "Long life …."

25.
CRIBBAGE BOARD (Nolan)
Tusk, 19 inches (48 cm).
Juratone 109 MTW.
Obverse:  Labeled "The Ship Nolan," dated 1832-1836.  Reverse:  Inscribed "TAKEN IN THE ARCTIC OCEAN/ JULY 22nd 1832" and "P. AIXLE"; harpoons, stars, etc.

26.
CRIBBAGE BOARD (Plantation Scene)
Tusk, 12.5 inches (32 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified].
NO TEXT.  Obverse: Plantation manor house; cribbage board; floral and geometric decorations; surmounted by compass rose with fleur de lis.  Reverse: Oval device with geometric border, palm-leaf and pineapple motif, encircling cursive initials "JHTA."

164.
CRIBBAGE BOARD (Whale)
Size not reported, probably ±12 inches (30.5 cm).
[History Art USA #G2].
NO TEXT.  Flat cribbage board, shaped like a sperm whale, with molded flukes, with or without a pictorial vignette on the head.

27a.
CRIBBAGE BOARD (Untitled)
Tusk, 13 inches (33 cm).
Grooveport SJ40.
NO TEXT.  Ornately decorated: compass rose, fruit, flowers, geometric ornaments; baroque building, palm trees on checkered piazza.

27b.
CRIBBAGE BOARD (Untitled)
Tusk, 13 inches (33 cm).
New Juratone S18.

28a.
CULTIVATOR
Tooth, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
Juratone 112TH.
NO TEXT.  Obverse:  Pastoral landscape; full-rigged ship in a cove or bay, with stylized trees nearby, village and mountains in background.  Reverse:  Full-rigged medium clipper ship at sea, with courses, most topsails, and jibs set.

28b.
CULTIVATOR
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ3.

CUSTER
-see LITTLE BIGHORN

29.
DAKOTA
Tooth, 4 inches (10 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse:  Three-quarter bow-on view of a ship or bark with studding-sails, signal flags, USA ensign, highly decorated, labeled "The DAKOTA" and dated 1860.  Reverse:  "Raw" surface inscribed in riband outline "NANTUCKET."

DALL SHEEP
-see ANIMAL BOX (Arctic)

DANIEL CHRISTIAN
-see HIPPO TOOTH

DEERER, JOHN, & CO.
-see SPRAGUE

30.
DECANTER LABELS
[No sizes given.]
Historycraft SC43.
-BOURBON
-GIN
-SCOTCH WHISKY

31.
DELTA
Panbone, 17 inches (43 cm).
New Juratone S4.
Elaborate sperm-whaling scene, with three ships in a rugged cove, whales in various poses; labeled (in riband above) "FOGOS / THE WHALER / DELTA / GREEN PT. 1842," "Capt. Thos. Calder," and "Jos. Boyle First Mate."

32.
DESK TIDY (desk organizer)
Tusk, 16.5 inches (42 cm).
Historycraft SC29.
Cut with three compartments to hold desk items; a recumbent mermaid, a mermaid with pinnipeds, and other fanciful ornaments inscribed "Walrus from Cape Mercy" and "Walrus."

DIEU ET MON DROIT
-see BRANDENBURG

33.
DISPLAY STAND
Tooth and panel [no size given].
Historycraft [no number].
"Protect our whales. / Scrimshaw in / reproduction ivory. / Handcrafted [sic] by Historycraft./ in England."

DOLPHIN
-see OH GREAT JEHOVAH…
-see WALKING STICKS

34.
EAGLE (I)
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ26.
Obverse:  Starboard portrait of a full-rigged ship with gunports, sails set, labeled "THE WHALER EAGLE."  Reverse:  Standing female portrait with flag, labeled "LIBERTY."

35.
EAGLE (II)
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Historycraft SC13 (Corkscrew version: SC34); ExF WT44.
Obverse:  Whaling scene, full-rigged ship with boats lowered among sperm whales, stove boat, ice; compass rose; labeled "THE WHALER EAGLE."  Reverse: Barrels on wharf with a ship in background, flag, date.

EAGLE
-see TOBACCO JAR (Eagle)

ECLIPSE
-see PADDLE STEAMER (Eclipse)

EGG
-see OSTRICH EGG

136.
EL PASO, TEXAS.
Tooth, ±7 inches (18 cm).
[Manufacturer unknown.]
Obverse: Crossed pistols, cowboy boots with spurs, CSA flags, labeled "El Paso / Texas" (in riband); dated 1863. Reverse: Wild West type stagecoach drawn by four horses, men on top and inside.  See also "STAGECOACH."

ERIE
-see PERRY, CAPTAIN

FAREWELL SCENE
-see HIPPO TOOTH (Cornucopia)
-see HIPPO TOOTH (Samantha)

FARRAGUT, ADMIRAL
-see NASHVILLE

168.
FLAMBOROUGH HEAD
Tusk, ±13 inches (33 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Variant of Fakeshaw #8 [BONHOMME RICHARD & SERAPIS].  Obverse: Larboard stern-quarter view of ship under sail, pennants aloft; "Flamborough Head" in a riband; ornate leafy ornaments.  Reverse: Date "1779," portrait labeled in 2 ribands "Captain / Richard Pearson."

FLAMBOROUGH HEAD
-see BONHOMME RICHARD & SERAPIS
-see HIPPO TOOTH (Flamborough Head)

FLOOD SCENE
-see GREAT FLOOD

36a.
FLYING FISH
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ15.
NO TEXT.  Obverse: Whaling scene, bark with tryworks afire, full-rigged ship cutting-in, 5 boats, 2 whales sounding, shark-like whale swimming; mountains and rocks in background.  Reverse: Flying fish.

36b.
FLYING FISH
Tooth, 4.5 inches (11.5 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]

FOGOS
-see DELTA
-see KATUSOF
-see KUTUSOFF

FOR MY LOVE AT HOME
-see JAMES ADAMS

FOUDROYANT
-see OVAL PICTURES

37.
FOX
Tooth, 3 inches (7.6 cm).
Historycraft SC8; ExF WT70.
NO TEXT.  Obverse:  Starboard stern-quarter view of a full-rigged ship at sea.  Reverse:  Potted plant with tulip-like flower, in decorated urn.

FOX
-see COCK PHEASANT

FREDDA ZONA
-see GLOBE (Large)

FREEDOM
-see ROMULUS

GAM
-see NIGER & SEA FOX

GAME BOARD
-see SOLITAIRE BOARD

GEORGE III
-see ROYAL GEORGE

GERMAN POINTER
-see STOAT
-see WALKING STICKS

GIN
-see DECANTER LABELS

137.
GLOBE (Large)
Height ±8 inches (20 cm).
[Manufacturer unknown.]  (Possibly Nye W1)
Terrestrial globe, diameter ±3 inches (7.6 cm); oceans, continents, islands, etc., labeled in serifed block capitals; in an ornate mount (±220° of arc) having turned finials, leafy pierced-work ends, and marked "FREDDA ZONA," "TEMP. ZONA," "TORRIDA ZONA."  The turned stand has a platform base decorated with antiquarian navigating instruments.

138.
GLOBE (Small) (I)
Height ±4 inches (10 cm).
[Manufacturer unknown.]  (Possibly Nye W1)
NO TEXT.  Terrestrial globe, diameter ±2 inches (5 cm); oceans, continents, islands, etc., labeled in serifed block capitals; in a simple "wood" mount (±180° of arc) with yellow-metal finials; a turned stand on plain round base.

165.
GLOBE (Small) (II)
Size not reported.
[History Art USA #W1].
NO TEXT.  World globe; oceans, islands, continents, etc., labeled in fancy serifed face; decorative vignettes; base is a compass rose.

166.
GLOBE (with Atlas)
Size not reported.
[History Art USA #W2].
NO TEXT.  Described only as "World Globe w/Atlas."

GO STEADY NOW…
-see WHALERS COAT OF ARMS

GOLDEN LION
-see OVAL PICTURES

169.
GOLF (BOX)
Round box with lid, size unknown.
[History Art USA #X1.]
NO TEXT.  Lid:  Scene of golfers circa 1790, ornate border.  Sides: pastoral scenery with a stone arched bridge, probably intended to represent Scotland.

170.
GOLFERS (BOX)
Oval box with lid, size unknown.
[History Art USA #X10.]
NO TEXT?  Antiquarian scene of golfers [not examined].

GRANT, GENERAL U.S.
-see SHILOH

38a.
GREAT FLOOD (Plantation Scene)
Tooth, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
Juratone 124 TH.
NO TEXT.  Obverse: Nine black men, women, and children standing and sitting on a rooftop, with two men fending off floating debris, surrounded by flood waters and drooping trees.  Reverse:  Swollen river waters; small boat with three passengers in foreground, farmhouse on bank, stern-wheeler steamboat in center.

38b.
GREAT FLOOD (Plantation Scene)
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ29.

GREAT HUNT
-see TOPAZ

193.
HARCOURT
Tooth, size not reported.  Item not confirmed; not reported since 1984.
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse: Described as "A man with [the] entire right side of his face distorted."  Reverse: Inscribed "A.M. Harcourt / Maimed by a Whale 1860."

HART, D.
-see COMET

167.
HELENA
Tooth [size not reported].
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Not examined; reported from France.  Obverse:  Starboard stern-quarter portrait of  a full-rigged ship, American flag at taffrail, superscribed "1843 / HELENA."

39.
HIPPO TOOTH (Cornucopia)
Hippopotamus tooth, 12 inches (30.5 cm).
New Juratone S7.
NO TEXT.  Cornucopia filled with olive branches, decorated with stripes and olive-branch motif; couple in fancy garb (bordered dress, top-hat, swallowtail coat) in farewell pose; ornamental borders.

40.
HIPPO TOOTH (Daniel Christian)
Hippopotamus tooth.
[Size and manufacturer not specified.]
Obverse:  Six-pointed star, USA shield, male portrait labeled "Daniel Christian."  Reverse:  Sun device, ornate urn with leafy plant, dated 1840 (in riband).

194.
HIPPO TOOTH (Flamborough Head)
Hippo tooth, ±10.5 inches (27 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified; variant of #8, BONHOMME RICHARD & SERAPIS.]
Obverse: Larboard quarter view of a full-rigged warship in naval engagement, flying Union Jack at taffrail; "Flamborough Head" in riband.  Reverse: Bust portrait; "1779" and "Captain/ Richard Pearson" in ribands; leafy ornaments.

41.
HIPPO TOOTH (Nenuphar)
Hippopotamus tooth.  [Size and manufacturer unknown.]
Inscribed "Bark NENUPHAR."  [Not examined; reported by Mystic Seaport.]

42.
HIPPO TOOTH (Samantha)
Hippopotamus tooth, 11 inches (28 cm).
[Manufacturer unknown.]
Obverse:  Device with six-pointed star, USA flag, anchor, and cannon; stern-quarter view of a ship, labeled (in a riband) "THE SAMANTHA"; geometric border.  Reverse: Cornucopia, well-dressed couple in a farewell pose, geometric and leafy ornaments.

43.
HIPPO TOOTH (Ship Susan)
Hippopotamus tooth.
[Size and manufacturer unknown.]
Inscribed "Ship Susan at Tahiti."
[Not examined; reported by Mystic Seaport.]

HOAD, CAPTAIN JAMES
-see REGULUS

HOME IS WHERE THE HEART IS
-see JAMES ADAMS

HOWE, ADMIRAL
-see BRUNSWICK

HUMPBACK
-see ANIMAL BOX (Beatrice)

HUSKY
-see ANIMAL BOX (Arctic)

ICELAND
-see IONIA

173.
INDEPENDENCE
Tooth, 5 inches (12.7 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse: Larboard portrait of full-rigged ship with gunports, border of intertwining lines.  Reverse: "INDEPENDENCE / 1816," border of intertwining lines.

44a.
INDIAN
Panbone section, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
New Juratone S5.
Tropical whaling scene: bark cutting-in (left), ship (right), both with sails set, pennants; three boats lowered, sperm and Right whales in various attitudes; zig-zag border; labeled (below) "THE WHALER INDIAN OFF TAHITI."

44b.
INDIAN
Panbone section, 7.5 inches (19 cm).
Grooveport SJ35.

45.
IONIA
Tusk, 19 inches (48 cm).
Juratone 102MTW.
Obverse:  Inscribed "TAKEN OFF ICELAND / by / THE WHALER IONIA / 18th. Nov. 1837"; star, portrait, patriotic device with eagle, shield and flag, fancy border.  Reverse: Sun device, flowers in urns, panoramic whaling scene.  Also inscribed (around the shaft) "B. NEAL [ ] 1st MATE."

172.
IONIA
Tusk, 17 inches (43.2 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Not fully identified.  Possibly a smaller version of the preceding.

IONIA
-see also OVAL PICTURES

JACKSON, STONEWALL
-see PENCIL BOX

139.
JAMES ADAMS
Tooth?  [Size not reported.]
[Manufacturer unknown.]
Obverse:  Sailing vessel with American eagle; inscribed "James Adams"; "4th December 1809"; initials H.H.  Reverse: Helmsman; motto "Home is where the heart is" and "For my love at home."  [Reported from London; not examined.] [Catalogue number inadvertently misprinted in 1993 edition as #46a and in 1996 Supplement as #152.]

46a.
JAMES ALLEN
Tusk, 23 inches (58 cm).
Juratone 103LTW.
Obverse:  Standing female figure with shield and flag, labeled "LIBERTY"; ship portrait labeled "SHIP JAMES ALLEN"; hearts; borders.  Reverse: Dated 1830; floral design.

46b.
JAMES ALLEN
Tusk, 23 inches (58 cm).
New Juratone S2.

46c.
JAMES ALLEN
Tusk, 19.5 inches (50 cm).
Grooveport SJ36.

45d.
JAMES ALLEN
Tusk, 17.5 inches (44.5 cm).
[Manufacturer unknown.]

140.
JOCHEM
Tusk, ±15 inches (38 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Ornately engraved vignettes with fancy borders; evidently labeled "Ship Jochem 1856-59."

JONES, JOHN PAUL
-see BONHOMME RICHARD & SERAPIS

JORDON, CAPTN. DANIEL
-see MERCURY

47.
KATUSOF [sic]
Tooth, 6.5 inches (16.5 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Inscribed "Whaler KATUSOF" and "Fogus [Fogos] Islands."  [Not examined; reported by Mystic Seaport.]

KAY, JEREMIAH
-see LEONIDAS

195.
KUTUSOFF
Tooth, ±6.5 inches (16.5 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse: Larboard broadside portrait of a full-rigged ship; inscribed (in oval) "The Whaler Kutusoff."  Reverse: Elaborate whaling scene with half brig, two lateen-like schooners, boats lowered, mountains in background; inscribed (in oval) "Fogos Island."

141.
LAKE ERIE
Tooth, ±6.5 inches (16.5 cm).
[Attributed to Historycraft.]
Obverse: Ship portrait labeled (in riband) "LAKE ERIE 1813."  Reverse: Not seen.  Tooth version of the tusk catalogued as "CAPTAIN PERRY" (q.v., PERRY, CAPTAIN).  [Reported from Bogotá, Colombia; not examined.]

LAKE ERIE
-see PERRY, CAPTAIN

48a.
LAWRENCE
Tooth, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
Juratone 114TH.
Obverse:  Port-side portrait of a full-rigged ship under sail, three pennants, USA flag; labeled (in riband device) "THE SHIP LAWRENCE."  Reverse:  Bust portrait labeled (in riband) "COMMODORE PERRY."

48b.
LAWRENCE
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ8.

LAWRENCE, JAMES
-see CHESAPEAKE

174.
LEONIDAS
Tusk, 10.5 inches (26.7 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse: Device of portrait and implements in oval frame,"THE BARK LEONIDAS OF NEW BEDFORD" (in riband), initials "HCL."  Reverse: Full-length male portrait labeled "CAPT. JEREMIAH KAY."

LETTER OPENER
-see COCK PHEASANT
-see STOAT

49.
LIBERTY
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
Historycraft SC10; ExF WT21.
Obverse:  Port-side portrait of a full-rigged ship with sails set, second ship in right background, labeled "THE SHIP LIBERTY."  Reverse:  American eagle device with motto "E PLURIBUS UNUM" and date.

LIBERTY
-see A.T. MOGER
-see BOOKENDS
-see EAGLE
-see JAMES ALLEN
-see MERRILS WHARF
-see STATUE OF LIBERTY

175.
LIGHTHOUSE (BOX)
Oval box with lid, size not specified.
[History Art USA #B27.]
NO TEXT.  Lid: Starboard portrait of a full-rigged ship under sail passing a lighthouse.  Sides include a crude adaptation of Benjamin Russell's The Capture (see "NEW BEDFORD"); decorative rope border around the lid and base.

50.
LINCOLN
Tooth, 6.5 inches (16.5 cm).
Historycraft SC20.
Obverse: Crude portrait labeled "ABRAHM. LINCOLN /  FOR PRESIDENT / OF THE / UNITED / STATES."  Reverse:  Patriotic eagle device with riband of stars, arrows, and shield.

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM
-see ROMULUS
-see SOUTHERN STAR
-see TORTOISE SHELL (We Owe Allegiance…)

51.
LION
Tooth, +3.5 inches (9 cm).
New Juratone.
Obverse:  Whaling scene, single-topsail bark with USA ensign, pennants, two whaleboats approaching blowing sperm whale; other whales in background.  Reverse:  Neoclassical urn or bowl filled with fruit; oak leaf, olive branch, two ferns, highly ornamented; labeled "WHALER LION," and dated 1827.

52.
LITTLE BIGHORN
Tooth, 5 inches (12.7 cm).
Historycraft SC15.
Obverse: Inscribed "LITTLE BIGHORN / 1876"; portraits labeled "SITTING BULL" and "CUSTER."  Reverse: Pistol labeled "The Colt Navy," dated 1851.

LONG LIFE… [motto]
-see CRIBBAGE BOARD

176.
LONGTAIL (BOX)
Round box with lid, size not specified.
[History Art USA #B21.]
NO TEXT.  Lid: 2 longtail birds in flight.  Sides: shore scenes with lighthouse.

177.
MAP (Matavia Bay)
Tooth, height ±4.5 inches (11.5 cm) or 5.5 inches (14 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse: Map (nautical chart) with compass rose marked with degrees (rather than directions), scale of "STATUTE MILE[S]," "MATAVIA BAY" (lower left), decorative border.  Reverse: Starboard-quarter view of a 3-masted ship with stern galleys, prominent shrouds, fighting tops, no sails set.

53a.
MAP (Smugglers Cove)
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Elaborately decorated, inscribed map; compass rose; "Lat. 9.16 Long. 31.30 E"; "Woods 20 turtles"; "Smugglers Cove"; various depths, headings, dimensions, etc., with prominent palm trees, native archer (seated), landscape features, etc.

53b.
MAP (Smugglers Cove)
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]

178.
MAP (Tropical)
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse: Map (chart) of unidentified island locale, with compass rose, scale decorated with scallop shell; vignette of a man in a loincloth sitting beneath 2 palm trees, holding a quiver of spears and a bow, with arrows nearby.  Reverse: Simulates raw tooth.

MAP
-see NASSAU

MARY
-see WHALING IN THE BERING STRAIT

MARQUESAS ISLANDS
-see TOPAZ

142.
MARY JO
Tusk.  [Size not reported.]
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Vessel identified as "Barquentine Mary Jo" walrus hunting in the Arctic and Antarctic sea; with an American eagle, penguins, whales, a walrus, harpoons; evidently "signed" by Josiah Walters, 1st Mate, and dated 1861.  [Reported from Germany; not examined.]

MATAVIA BAY
-see MAP (Matavia Bay)

179.
MAYFLOWER BOX
Oval box with lid, size not specified.
[History Art USA #B13; catalogue title is "Mayflower-lg. oval-ship lid & pilgrim scene."]
NO TEXT.  Lid: oval, with starboard bow view of a sailing ship evidently intended to represent the Mayflower.  Sides: scenes purporting to represent Pilgrim colonists.

54.
MERCATOR
Tooth, 9 inches (22.9 cm).
Juratone 109TH.
Obverse:  Starboard stern-quarter view of a ship, labeled "Ship Mercator," olive branch border.  Reverse:  Bare-chested, cloth-draped woman playing lyre.

55.
MERCURY
Tooth, 4.5 inches (11.4 cm).
New Juratone.
Obverse:  Oval three-quarters bow-on view of a ship, labeled "SHIP MERCURY"; implausible rig, with double topsail, topgallants, royals, and square bow spritsail; line tubs filled with whaling gdar, barrels, harpoons. Reverse: Inscribed "Captn. Daniel Jordon / Green Port / 1862-70."

180.
MERMAID
Tooth, size not specified.
[History Art USA #T3.]
NO TEXT?  Neither illustrated nor described in the catalogue.

MERMAID
-see MYRTLE

56a.
MERRILS WHARF [sic]
Tooth, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
Juratone 123TH.
Obverse:  Barefoot black man hauling a sea chest (trunk) mounted on a wheeled carriage or cart along shore; schooner in background; labeled "Merrils [sic] Wharf New Bedford."  Reverse:  Eagle-and-shield device, label (in riband) "FREEDOM / LIBERTY."

56b.
MERRILS WHARF
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ33.

MID OCEAN-RD-BERMUDA STYLE
-see BERMUDOS

181.
MISS LIBERTY
Tooth, 6 inches (15.25 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
NO TEXT.  Obverse: Full-length figure of Liberty [Columbia?] holding (above her head and to her right side) a fluttering American flag, anchor device in background, deck below.  Reverse: Starboard broadside view of a full-rugged ship under sail, 11 gunports, American ensign flying at taffrail.

MOBIL[E] BAY
-see NASHVILLE

MORGAN, CAPTAIN JAMES
-see TAKEN IN THE ARCTIC OCEAN

MY LOVE JAYNE
-see ALBATROSS

57.
MYRTLE
Tooth, 4.5 inches (11.4 cm).
Historycraft SC2; ExF WT60.
Obverse: Starboard bow view of a full-rigged ship, labeled "SHIP MYRTLE."  Reverse:  Mermaid seated on rocks.

58.
NANSEN PICTURE
Panel, 8 x 6 inches (20.3 x 15.2 cm).
Historycraft SC38.
Head-to-knees portrait of polar explorer, an ice-bound schooner in background, with a frame and label-plate inscribed "NANSEN."
NANTUCKET
-see CATALPA
-see DAKOTA

59a.
NAPOLEON
Tooth, 9 inches (22.9 cm).
Juratone 121TH.
Obverse:  Head-to-waist portrait representing Bonaparte in characteristic military hat, and in stereotypical pose with hand in jacket; jacket fastens right to left; labeled "NAPOLEON" (in riband).  Reverse:  Three-man gun crew with naval deck cannon, initials J.A.

59b.
NAPOLEON
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ6.

NAPOLEON
-see REDOUBTABLE

60.
NASHVILLE
Tooth, 6.5 inches (16.5 cm).
Historycraft SC18.
Obverse:  Head-to-waist portrait labeled "ADMIRAL FARRAGUT / MOBIL [sic] BAY / 1864."  Reverse: Port-side stern-quarter view of an auxiliary side-wheel steamboat, labeled "THE NASHVILLE…."

61.
NASSAU
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
Historycraft SC12; ExF WT20.
Obverse:  Port-side bow-quarter view of a full-rigged ship, sails furled; anchor device; dated 1835, labeled (on riband) "THE NASSAU OFF SUNDAY ISLE SQUALL W.S.W."  Reverse: Map showing vessel's course through Buzzards Bay approaches to New Bedford, Massachusetts.

182.
NAVAL OFFICER
Tooth, 6.5 inches (16.5 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
NO TEXT.  Obverse: Bust portrait of a British navy officer with sash, medals, and epaulette, possibly intended to represent Cook (but decorated like Nelson); rope border, ornamented below with cannon, anchor, Union Jack, other devices.  Reverse: Stern-quarter view of a naval ship-of-the-line flying a British white ensign, and an armed schooner, at anchor in a mountainous tropical harbor; a sloop alongside, other vessels in right background.

NEAL[ ], B.
-see IONIA

62.
NELSON PILL BOX (Lord Nelson Pill Box)
Cylindrical box, height 1 inch (2.5 cm).
Historycraft SC44.
Coin-like relief bust portrait (on lid), labeled "ADMIRAL LORD NELSON / … SEPR. 1758."

NELSON, HORATIO
-see NELSON PILL BOX
-see VICTORY, H.M.S.

NENUPHAR
-see HIPPO TOOTH (Nenuphar)

183.
NEW BEDFORD (BOX)
Round box with lid, size unknown.
[History Art USA #B10.]
NO TEXT.  On the sides, vignettes of New Bedford, including waterfront scene; the round lid has a sperm-whaling scene roughly after the lithograph Sperm Whaling Nº 2-The Capture by Albert van Beest, R. Swain Gifford, and Benjamin Russell (New Bedford, 1862), in a degraded form as it appears on ironstone blueware plates manufactured as souvenirs of New Bedford.

184.
NEW ENGLAND WHALING SCENE (BOX)
Oval box with lid, size unknown.
[History Art USA #B12; catalogue title: is "Whaling-oval-N.E. Whaling scene".] On the sides, vignettes of ships at sea; the oval lid has a dramatic scene of a whaleboat with six men in the act of harpooning a breaching humpback whale, with bow-on view of a ship in the background, labeled in a riband "WHALING / NEW ENGLAND / CIRCA [illegible in photo]."  The style is modern, imitated from recent so-called scrimshaw.

63a.
NIGER
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ10.
Obverse: Larboard portrait of a full-rigged ship with sails set, 8 gunports, American ensign astern, pennants aloft; labeled in riband "THE SHIP / NIGER / N.B."  Reverse: Catamaran with large horizontally-striped sail in company with other boats amongst a pod of whales; tropical island village in background, with hills and prominently-featured palm trees; marked "[ ] OCEAN" in riband device.

63b.
NIGER
Tooth, 6 inches (15.25 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]

64.
NIGER & SEA FOX
Tusk, 23 inches (58 cm).
Juratone 105LTW.
Obverse:  Inscribed "THE SHIPS / NIGER & SEA FOX / THE ARCTIC OCEAN" and "OCT. 12," with initials T.P.; patriotic USA flag device, two whales, fancy panel and border.  Reverse:  Inscribed "THE GAM" and "Capt. John Prior of the Niger," dated 1840; scene with two ships and a boat, island background, fancy borders.

NOLAN
-see CRIBBAGE BOARD (Nolan)

65a.
NORTON, CAPTAIN J.O.
Tusk, 19 inches (48 cm).
Juratone 107MTW.
Obverse:  Pastoral landscape; bird, sun decorations, fancy borders.  Reverse:  Monogram L.J.V.; potted flowers; valentine inscribed "Remember me / when this you see"; feminine fashion-plate.  Also inscribed (around shaft) "CAPTAIN J.O. NORTON."

65b.
NORTON, CAPTAIN J.O.
Tusk, 15 inches (38 cm).
New Juratone S3.

66.
OH GREAT JEHOVAH …
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ27.
Obverse: Eight lines of prose, "Oh Great Jehovah heed the Prayers / Of we who hunt the whale…."  Reverse: Female sea-spirit (Arion) with harp, riding monster whale or dolphin.

67.
OSTRICH EGG (I)  (Dutch Arctic Whaling)
Ovoid, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
Juratone 101OE.
NO TEXT.  Ships and whales at sea among Arctic mountains and icebergs, rendered in imitation of the etchings and grisailles (penschildering) of Dutch artist Abram van Salm (fl. 1670-1720); baroque decorative borders, cartographic facial portraits, and other devices at the poles.  Issued mounted on a stand.  Catalogue title is "TALL SHIPS."

68.
OSTRICH EGG (II)  (Plantation Scene)
Ovoid, size not recorded.
[Manufacturer not identified.]
NO TEXT.  Southern plantation scene with dancing slave.  Probably similar in size to the preceding, or slightly smaller.

69a.
OVAL PICTURES (I)
"Set of 5 Nautical Designs," each 6 inches (15.2 cm) in length.
Grooveport SJ45.  NO TEXT.
-THE BONHOMME RICHARD & SERAPIS
-THE FOUDROYANT
-THE REDOUBTABLE
-THE SHANNON & CHESAPEAKE
-THE BARK VERONICA

69b.
OVAL PICTURES (I)
Each 6 x 5 inches (±15 x ±12.7 cm).
New Juratone S9.

70.
OVAL PICTURES (II)
[Size and manufacturer not specified.  Not examined; reported by Mystic Seaport.]  NO TEXT.
-THE AMPHION
-GOLDEN LION
-IONIA
-ROYAL CHARLES

OVAL PICTURES
-see also SHIP IN OVAL

71.
PACIFIC OCEAN
Tooth, size not recorded.
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Inscribed "The Pacific Ocean-1860."

72a.
PADDLE STEAMER
Tooth, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
Juratone 119TH.
NO TEXT.  Obverse:  Port-side portrait of a side-wheeler steamboat with twin funnels, twin USA flags, USA ensign at stern.  Reverse:  Elaborate pastoral plantation scene, with strolling well-dressed couple; boatman and passengers on stream with fence or dam; other figures, large manor-house and outbuildings.

72b.
PADDLE STEAMER
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ1.

73.
PADDLE STEAMER (Eclipse)
Tooth, 6 inches (15.2 cm).
Historycraft SC14.
Obverse:  Port-side bow-quarter view of side-wheeler riverboat with twin funnels, single USA flag at stern, nameboard (on side wheel) "ECLIPSE."  Reverse:  Early steam locomotive with double-decker carriage car, labeled "BALT. RAILROAD."

PADDLEWHEEL STEAMBOAT
-see GREAT FLOOD
-see NASHVILLE
-see PLANTER
-see SPRAGUE
-see TORTOISE SHELL (We Owe…)
-see VICKSBURG
-see WARING & COMPANY

185.
PALM TREES
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ10.
NO TEXT.  Obverse: Starboard-side portrait of a full-rigged ship with sails set, 8 gunports, USA ensign astern, pennants aloft, oval leafy border.  Reverse: View from shore in the tropics, showing whaleship with 2 boats lowered hunting a pod of whales in a tropical bay, palm trees prominently featured, islands in background.

PANBONE
-see ARCTIC OCEAN
-see CORAL SEA
-see DELTA
-see INDIAN
-see SALEM
-see TOPAZ
-see WILKES, CAPTAIN
-see WILLIAM HILL

PAPERKNIFE (LETTER OPENER)
-see COCK PHEASANT
-see STOAT

PEARSON, RICHARD
-see BONHOMME RICHARD & SERAPIS
-see FLAMBOROUGH HEAD

74.
PENCIL BOX
Rectangle, height 4 inches (10 cm).
Historycraft SC33.
Four-sided box, each side decorated with American Civil War motif: Union footsoldier; portrait labeled "GENERAL SHERMAN"; Confederate foot-soldier; portrait labeled "STONEWALL JACKSON."

75.
PENGUINS
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Historycraft SC28.
Obverse:  Penguins in ice, initials H.H., labeled "PENGUINS."  Reverse:  Ship portrait labeled "Challenger / in the South / Atlantic / T. Thompson / bosun / 1875."

PENGUINS
-see also TOOTH BOX

76.
PERRY, CAPTAIN
Tusk, 19 inches (48 cm).
Historycraft SC22.
Obverse:  USA flag; full-length portrait (seated); men with sidearms in boat; labeled "CAPT. PERRY" and "LAKE ERIE"; dated 1813. Reverse:  Figurehead of a woman, labeled "SHIP / CORINNA"; statue of a naval officer with quadrant, labeled "SHOP SIGN 1880 / BOY MIDSHIPMAN."  "LAKE ERIE" (q.v.) is a smaller "tooth" version.

77a.
PERRY, COMMODORE
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
New Juratone S1.
Head-to-knees portrait of an American naval officer, in uniform (sans hat) with two epaulets, pistol in belt; USA flag in background, patriotic devices, riband labeled "COMMODORE PERRY."

77b.
PERRY, COMMODORE
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ13.

PERRY, COMMODORE
-see also LAWRENCE

PLAIN TOOTH
-see BLANK TOOTH (Blunt)
-see BLANK TOOTH (Pointy)

PLANTATION SCENE
-see CAVALIER
-see CRIBBAGE BOARD
-see GREAT FLOOD
-see OSTRICH EGG
-see PADDLE STEAMER
-see PLANTER
-see WARING & COMPANY

78a.
PLANTER
Tooth, 9 inches (22.9 cm).
Juratone 122TH.
NO TEXT.  Obverse: Full-length naive portrait of a barefoot man in knickers with military jacket, kerchief, turban or bandana, wielding an agricultural implement.  Reverse:  Plantation landscape with field hand wearing broad-brimmed hat and holding hoe over his shoulder; fields, manor house, trees, and paddle-wheel steamer in background; distant hills.  Catalogue title is "The Planter."

78b.
PLANTER
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ25.

PLANTER
-see also OSTRICH EGG

POLAR BEAR
-see ANIMAL BOX (Arctic)

POLISHED TOOTH
-see BLANK TOOTH (Blunt)
-see BLANK TOOTH (Pointy)

POLK, JAS. K.
-see VINCENNES

PONY EXPRESS
-see BUFFALO BILL

79.
PRESIDENT (I)
Tusk, 16 inches (40.6 cm).
Historycraft SC9.
NO TEXT.  Decorative borders, tropical marine and aquatic mammals, three inset oval vignettes: whaleship in the Arctic among icebergs and clouds; whaleship in the tropics among palm trees; native hunters.

80.
PRESIDENT (II)
Tusk, 17 inches (43 cm).
ExF WT10.
NO TEXT.  Possibly identical with the preceding; catalogue title is "The Ship President," with length given as 17 inches (43 cm).

81a.
PRINCE
Tusk, 23 inches (58 cm).
Juratone 102LTW.
Obverse:  Arctic whaling scene with ship, boat, and whales among icebergs, decorative borders, whale vignette; labeled "THE WHALER PRINCE."  Reverse: USA flag, two walruses; labeled "T. BOWERS, 1st Mate," "Taken from / Dead Walrus / Oct. 17, 1841."

81b.
PRINCE
Tusk, 19.5 inches (50 cm).
Grooveport SJ38.

82.
PRINGLE, RACHEL
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ11.
Obverse:  Full-length portrait of a heavy-set black woman in a frilly dress, wearing a necklace with brooch, pendant earrings, and striped turban or pseudo-African style headgear; labeled (below) "RACHEL PRINGLE of BARBADOES [sic]."  Reverse: Flying fish.

PRIOR, CAPT. JOHN
-see NIGER & SEA FOX

PROTECT OUR WHALES…
-see DISPLAY STAND

QUEDAGH
-see ADVENTURE

QUIBERON BAY
-see ROYAL GEORGE

RACHEL PRINGLE
-see PRINGLE, RACHEL

RED FOX
-see COCK PHEASANT

196.
REDOUBTABLE
Tooth, 4 inches (10 cm).
[Manufacturer not identified.]
Obverse:  Out;line larboard bow-quarter portrait of a warship, labeled in riband "The Redoubtable."  Reverse:  Bust portrait in oval, labeled "Napoleon Bonaparte."

REDOUBTABLE
-see OVAL PICTURES

83a.
REGULUS
Tusk, 19 inches (48 cm).
Juratone 108MTW.
Obverse:  Harpoons, female portrait, floral and other decorations; labeled "THE / SHIP REGULUS / Captain James Hoad."  Reverse:  Continues patterns from obverse, with male portrait, full-rigged ship; patriotic USA flags, shield, harpoons, motto "E PLURIBUS UNUM."

83b.
REGULUS
Tusk, 15 inches (38 cm).
New Juratone S3.

83c.
REGULUS
Tusk, 13.5 inches (34.3 cm).
Grooveport SJ39.

REMEMBER ME …
-see NORTON, CAPTAIN J.O.

84a.
ROMAN (I)
Tooth, 7 inches (17.75 cm).
Juratone 102TH.
Obverse:  Starboard bow-quarter view of a full-rigged warship with sails set; distinctive checkerboard hull; labeled (in riband) "THE SHIP ROMAN."  Reverse:  Sailor, USA flag; continues decorations from obverse.

84b.
ROMAN (I)
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Grooveport SJ9.

85.
ROMAN  (II)
Tooth, 5.5 inches (14 cm).
Historycraft SC11; ExF WT45
Obverse:  Extracting teeth of a sperm-whale while cutting-in on deck; labeled "SHIP ROMAN."  Reverse: Whaling scene with two boats, one being stove by a whale; ship in background, labeled "18 Jan 1851 / The accident off New Zealand."

86.
ROMULUS  (I)
Tooth, 8 inches (20.3 cm).
Juratone 107TH.
Obverse:  Ship portrait with USA flag, labeled "SHIP ROMULUS."  Reverse:  Portrait of a woman, inscribed "Dearest Rose," dated October 1832.

87.
ROMULUS  (II)
Tusk, 28 inches (71 cm).
Juratone 108TWS.

top


Definition of Fakeshaw: Fakeshaw is a category of synthetic machine-manufactured, mass-produced, factory-made objects that are intended to resemble scrimshaw. Some are made to look like sperm whale teeth, others to look like walrus tusks, hippopotamus teeth, pieces of bone, and objects of various kinds that have been carved out of, or constructed from, natural ivory and bone. The material is a combination of polymers (plastics) and additives to create the illusion of ivory and bone.

Many people believe that Fakeshaw is manufactured specifically in order to deceive people into believing that it is genuine scrimshaw, and there can be little reason for its manufacture without disclaimers other than to deceive people; but whatever purpose the manufacturers may have had in mind, it has deceived thousands of people, sometimes quite cruelly, and has the same effect as art fraud. Fakeshaw is fake; it has no historical significance, it has no aesthetic merit, and it has virtually no monetary value. From the standpoint of any museum or collector, Fakeshaw is worthless. (See also "Basic Information About Fakeshaw" below.)

How to Search: To search the fakeshaw database on this page,  begin by pressing Ctrl-F to invoke your browser's find function. You can search any keyword in any title or description. Beware that many keywords appear in the titles and descriptions of more than one or two Fakeshaw pieces, so you may want to search the same keyword more than once until you find the piece you are looking for. Beware also that the manufacturers have sometimes used the front of one piece and the back of another, or sometimes one side of an existing piece and something new on the other side, to create a "new" piece that resembles, but is not the same as, one or more other Fakeshaw pieces.

For pieces that have text (pieces that have words on them), best results will be obtained if you search the principal word or words on the piece itself, such as the name of a ship, or the person identified as the subject of a portrait. Many alternate keywords are cross-referenced to the catalogue title (main catalogue entry) of the piece.

For pieces that have no text (pieces that have no words on them), the search can be more difficult. All pieces that have no text include "NO TEXT" in the description. You can either try to find the piece by guessing at a keyword that you believe might appear in the description; or you can search "NO TEXT" until you find a description of the piece you are looking for. For example, the keyword stagecoach will turn up several pieces, some of which have text and some of which do not.

Catalogue Main Titles: Wherever the manufacturer or distributor has assigned a title to a Fakeshaw piece, this title is the main catalogue entry. Wherever no such manufacturer's title exists (or is unknown), the main catalogue entry is the principal word named on the piece (for example, the name a ship or the subject of a portrait). On pieces that have no official title and no text, we have tried to assign a title that reflects the most prominently featured subject matter of the piece. Various other prominent features or alternate titles are cross-referenced. The manufacturer's title often bears little or no intelligible relation to the content of the piece or the words on it. Rely on the description more than the title.

Catalogue Entries: Wherever possible we have tried to provide for each piece the following information: the title; the type of scrimshaw the piece is manufactured to resemble*; the size (measurement); the manufacturer's or distributor's catalogue or reference number; the complete text of any inscriptions or mottoes on the piece; a complete description of the pictorial content (iconography) of the piece. Of course, the manufacturers have not been keen to help us identify their fakeshaw, and much of what we know about Fakeshaw is based on pictures, descriptions, and sizes submitted by consumers and museum colleagues all over the world. Unfortunately, much of the data is therefore incomplete.
* What we mean by "type of scrimshaw [a piece] is manufactured to resemble" is: a tooth (sperm whale tooth), tusk (walrus tusk), bone (piece of whale jawbone), hippo tooth (hippopotamus tooth); or a box, jar, plaque, panel, or oval. These do not resemble anatomical features but may be square, rectangular, round, oval, or cylindrical, and are supposed to look like items carved or constructed out of natural ivory or bone. None of the materials used in fakeshaw is actual ivory or bone; all of the materials used in Fakeshaw are synthetic.

Measurements are approximate. Measurement is the least important feature to consider in trying to identify a piece of fakeshaw! Standards of measurement of scrimshaw differ even among professional curators; the various manufacturers have tended to produce many fakeshaw pieces in several different sizes and formats; and the manufacturers' measurements are not always reliable. Where manufacturers have provided any measurements at all, they are always in inches. In this Fakeshaw catalogue, measurements are given in inches (as provided by the manufacturers, wherever possible); they have also been converted to metric measure (centimeters) for international use. Beware that the manufacturers have not always provided measurements; and that many pieces are known only from photographs, from which accurate measurements cannot be derived; and that many of the measurements were obtained from correspondents who undoubtedly utilized differing standards of measure. In trying to identify a piece of fakeshaw, rely on measurements only as a rough indicator or guideline: Measurements are the least reliable standard by which to identify fakeshaw! If the description fits, disregard that there may be discrepancies in the measurement!

Historical Accuracy: Pictures, dates, and information written on fakeshaw are fabrications: they are made up; some are accurate, most are not. Nothing on any piece of fakeshaw can be relied upon as historically accurate or factual.

"Tests" for Plastic Fakeshaw: Various tests for plastic have been published, such as the "hot needle" test, and the "match" test, and viewing fakeshaw under black light (ultraviolet light). However, THESE TESTS USUALLY DO NOT WORK! The tests were useful when they were first published (as early as 1979), but manufacturers of fakeshaw are devious and they are not fools. They read the test results too, and they change their formulas, so that hot needles will not penetrate the newer polymers any better than they will penetrate real bone, a match won't necessarily burn it, and it may fluoresce under ultraviolet light to a degree that only a trained expert can distinguish it from organic matter.

Basic Information About Fakeshaw: Here is the text of the letter that the Kendall Whaling Museum sends out in response to inquiries about fakeshaw:

Please excuse this form letter, but we receive so many inquiries about "scrimshaw" of this type that we have been forced to resort to this means simply to keep up with the volume...
In response to your inquiry of [date], I regret having to report that the "scrimshaw" you mention is not actually scrimshaw at all, but, rather, a machine-manufactured, polymer- plastic simulation, of a type mass-produced in England under the trade-names Juratone, Ltd. (of London), Historycraft, Ltd., and Grooveport, Ltd. (both located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire). The particular scrimshaw fake(s) alluded to in your letter can be found listed in the monograph, Fakeshaw: A Checklist of Plastic "Scrimshaw" (Sharon, Massachusetts: The Kendall Whaling Museum, Monograph Series Nº 1, 1988; and/or the revised-and-expanded editions, Nº 1a, 1993; and Nº 1b, © 2001 ):

Cat. #
Type Title
Size
Manufacturer
Mfr.'s Inventory # The net retail value of each piece is approximately: $20.00 / £12.50 / DM 35,-

We receive numerous letters and calls about bogus pieces of this kind. They turn up frequently in the marketplace throughout the world; and not only collectors, but antiques dealers, auction houses, galleries, and museums have occasionally mistaken them for genuine. None of these counterfeits has any historical or artistic interest: They are not "copies" or "reproductions" of actual scrimshaw pieces, nor do they faithfully recreate the style or aesthetic of the original 19th-century whalemen's art. Rather, they are implausible fictions, virtually all of the names and dates brazenly emblazoned on them are misconstrued or entirely spurious, and their decorative appeal is at best dubious Museums and other collectors of genuine scrimshaw regard plastic fakeshaw as entirely worthless.

If you bought fakeshaw that was represented to be genuine scrimshaw, you may have been the victim of deliberate fraud; or perhaps the party who sold it to you also believed it to be authentic. When advised of such an error and furnished with reasonable proof, most honest antiques dealers and auctioneers will make restitution in full. If you paid more than $20 or $30 for a piece of fakeshaw, we recommend that you try to get your money back.

Stuart M. Frank, Ph.D., Director and Chief Curator
Donald E. Ridley, P.E., Assistant Curator (Scrimshaw)
The Kendall Whaling Museum

How To Get More Information About Fakeshaw: Don't bother writing or calling museums to find out about fakeshaw. Everything we know about fakeshaw is published in the monograph entitled Fakeshaw: A Checklist of Plastic "Scrimshaw," written by Dr. Stuart M. Frank, published by The Kendall Whaling Museum, and now available in the Third Revised and Expanded Edition (© 2001). The monograph includes: essays about the status of fakeshaw as fakery; comparing it with tribal art and "honest plastic"; early catalogue lists of manufacturers, notably Juratone, Ltd., of London (England), and Grooveport, Ltd., and Historycraft, Ltd., both of Cirencester, Gloucestershire (England); and a few representative illustrations. The Fakeshaw Monograph can be ordered by mail for $13.00 postpaid ($17.50 outside the USA) from:

The Museum Store
The New Bedford Whaling Museum
18 Johnny Cake Hill
New Bedford, MA 02740
USA
508 997-0046

It can also be purchased over-the-counter at the Whaling Museum, or at many specialty nautical booksellers, or at book shops at many maritime museums. Or you can order it from your favorite bookshop. Or you can borrow it from a public library.

Inquiries: We publish the Fakeshaw Monograph and we post the Fakeshaw Catalogue on the internet so that you don't need to call or write museums about fakeshaw. So please save us all some effort: use the Fakeshaw Catalogue listings on the web site; read the Fakeshaw Monograph essays, if you wish; and please don't call or write until you are certain that your "scrimshaw" isn't fakeshaw. Email inquiries should be addressed to sfrank@whalingmuseum.org. If you send photos as email attachments, please use low to medium resolution files and please send as few as possible. Any inquiries sent to the Museum must be accompanied by good photographs of the piece or pieces in question. Inquiries from inside the USA (except from Members of the Museum) must include a stamped, self-addressed envelope. Inquiries from outside the USA, please enclose US$1.00 in cash to pay for return postage. Thanks.

Acknowledgments are extended to valued colleagues in several institutions who over the years have maintained inventories of fakeshaw and freely shared lists, catalogues, pictures, and information: Joshua Basseches (Harvard Museum of Natural History); Honore Forster (Pacific School of Research Studies, Australian National University) Richard C. Malley (Connecticut Historical Society); Donald E. Ridley, Michael P. Dyer, and Peter P. O'Brien (The Kendall Whaling Museum), William N. Peterson and Philip L. Budlong (Mystic Seaport Museum); Robert L. Webb; Dr. Janet West (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge); and Anne Witty (Maine Maritime Museum).

Major Museum Collections of Scrimshaw: The Kendall Whaling Museum (27 Everett Street, P.O. Box 297, Sharon, Mass. 02067) houses the world's largest and most comprehensive collection of scrimshaw. The Kendall has held an annual Whaling History Symposium each October since 1975 and festive Scrimshaw Collectors' Weekends in the spring since 1989.

Major scrimshaw collections are at:
The New Bedford Whaling Museum, Massachusetts USA
Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts USA
Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, Connecticut USA
Nantucket Historical Association, Nantucket, Massachusetts USA
Old Dartmouth Historical Association, New Bedford, Massachusetts USA
South Street Seaport, New York, New York USA

Bibliography 1 - Documentation of Whaling History

Colby, Barnard L.  For Oil and Buggy Whips: Whaling Captains of New London County, Connecticut. Mystic, Conn.: Mystic Seaport Museum. 1990.

Decker, Robert Owen. Whaling Industry of New London. York, Pa.: Liberty Cap. 1973.

Forster, Honore. More South Sea Whaling: A Supplement to The South Sea Whaler…. Canberra: Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. 1991.

Forster, Honore. The South Sea Whaler: An Annotated Bibliography… relating to whaling in the Pacific Ocean in the nineteenth century. Sharon, Mass: The Kendall Whaling Museum; Fairhaven, Mass.: Edward J. Lefkowicz. 1985.

Hegarty, Reginald B. Addendum to "Starbuck" and Whaling Masters. New Bedford Customs District. New Bedford Free Public Library. 1964.

Hegarty, Reginald B. Returns of Whaling Vessels Sailing from American Ports: A Continuation of Alexander Starbuck's "History of the American Whale Fishery" 1876-1928. Additions by Philip F. Purrington. New Bedford: Old Dartmouth Historical Society. 1959.

Jones, A.G.E. Ships Employed in the South Seas Trade 1775-1861. 2 vols. Canberra: Roebuck Society Publications Nºs 36 and 46. 1986 and 1992.

Sherman, Stuart C., et al. Whaling Logbooks and Journals 1613-1928: An Inventory of Manuscript Records in Public Collections. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, Vol. 682. New York and London: Garland. 1986.

Starbuck, Alexander. History of the American Whale Fishery, from Its Earliest Inception to the Year 1876. (Report of the U.S. Commission on Fish & Fisheries, Part IV. Washington, 1878.) Variously reprinted in 1 and 2 vol. eds. Work Progress Administration. Whaling Masters. New Bedford, Mass.: Old Dartmouth Historical Association. 1938.

Bibliography 2 - Fakeshaw Catalogues

Exham Fletcher. Whale of a Tale Scrimshaw Replicas. Santa Monica, California, n.d. [c1983.] Price-list of Juratone and Juratone-like fakeshaw, some of which is not listed elsewhere.

Grooveport, Ltd. [Catalogue and Price List.] Cirencester, Gloucestershire, n.d. Issued in conjunction with the ensuing, circa 1983, this list is not exhaustive and illustrates only one side of some two-sided pieces. A large portion of the Grooveport line is derived from Juratone prototypes, to which many Grooveport pieces are substantially identical.

Historycraft, Ltd. [Catalogue and Price List.] Cirencester, Gloucestershire, n.d. Catalogue issued in conjunction with the preceding, circa 1983; evidently not exhaustive.

Juratone, Ltd. [Catalogue and Price List.] London, n.d. [circa 1979]. The original Juratone catalogue (circa 1979-80) is the largest single compendium of fakeshaw examined to date, with prices (listed in British pounds sterling) equivalent to market values at that time for hand-crafted works of genuine whale and walrus ivory. The relationship to ‘New" Juratone (a separate and subsequent numbering system) remains unclear.

Juratone U.K., Ltd. [Catalogue and Price List.] London, n.d. [circa 1987]. "New" Juratone, with variations on the original Juratone line. The relationship to "old" Juratone remains unclear.

[Nye Overseas Trading Enterprise.] History Art USA. West Yarmouth, Mass., n.d. [circa 1987]. Price-list includes Juratone-derived fakeshaw and ostensibly original "honest" plastic. The Nye line is separately indexed on page 26 he Fakeshaw Monograph, but is not integrated into the main Checklist.

Bibliography 3 - Fakeshaw Documentation

Basseches, Joshua. The Scrimshaw of Manuel Cunha: Late Work from Madeira Revealed. Kendall Whaling Museum Monograph Series, Nº 2. 1988. Descriptive essay and illustrated catalogue of works by the most successful Portuguese emulator of Yankee scrimshaw.

Frank, Stuart M. Fakeshaw: A Checklist of Plastic "Scrimshaw." Kendall Whaling Museum Monograph Series, Nº 1. Originally published in 1988. Third Revised Edition, 11 illus., ± 300 items. © 2001.

Malley, Richard C. "False Teeth: New Problems with Plastic Scrimshaw." The Log of Mystic Seaport, 33:3 (Fall 1980), 83-89. Informative discussion of the emergence of fakeshaw; description of the Artek line (including their coding system for identification of museum reproductions); rudimentary early list of Juratone fakeshaw (43 items); simplified detection and testing methods.

West, Janet. "Scrimshaw: Recent Forgeries in Plastic." The Mariners' Mirror, 66:4 (Nov. 1980), pp. 328-30. Rudimentary list of Juratone (43 items); testing procedures; taxonomy of plastics; solubility in organic solvents and in dilute mineral acids; calcium content; flame test; visual examination under UV light and with magnifying lens; olfactory test. Owing to evolution of polymer chemistry since publication, the tests are less useful than they were when Dr. West introduced them.

Bibliography 4 - Recommended Reading about Scrimshaw

Basseches, Joshua; and Stuart M. Frank. Edward Burdett, 1805-1833: America's First Master Scrimshaw Artist. Kendall Whaling Museum Monograph Series, Nº 5. 1991.

Carpenter , Charles H., Jr.; and Mary Grace Carpenter. The Decorative Arts and Crafts of Nantucket. New York: Dodd Mead & Co., 1987), pp. 159-181.

Flayderman, E. Norman. Scrimshaw and Scrimshanders, Whales and Whalemen. New Milford, Conn.: N. Flayderman & Co. 1972.
Frank, Stuart M. Dictionary of Scrimshaw Artists. Mystic, Conn.: Mystic Seaport Museum, 1991.

Frank, Stuart M. More Scrimshaw Artists. Mystic, Conn.: Mystic Seaport Museum, 1998.

Frank, Stuart M. "Scrimshaw: ‘Ingenious contrivances… in the hours of ocean leisure.'" AntiquesAmerica.com (Boston, July 2000).

Frank, Stuart M. "Scrimshaw: Occupational Art of the Whale-Hunters." Maritime Life and Traditions, #7 (London, March 2000), pp. 42-57.

Frank, Stuart M. "The Origins of Engraved Pictorial Scrimshaw." The Magazine Antiques, 142:4 (Oct 1992), pp. 510-21.

Frank, Stuart M. "Les scrimshaws: Tradition artisanale des chasseurs de baleines." Chasse-Marée (Douarnenez, France), 67 (10 Sept 1992), pp. 46-61.

Hellman, Nina; and Norman Brouwer. A Mariner's Fancy: The Whaleman's Art of Scrimshaw. New York: South Street Seaport and Balsam Press. 1992.

Malley, Richard C. "Graven by the fishermen themselves": Scrimshaw in Mystic Seaport Museum. Mystic, Conn.: Mystic Seaport Museum. 1983.

Martin, Kenneth R. "Some Very Handsome Work": Scrimshaw at the Cape Cod National Seashore. Eastham, Mass.: Eastern National Park and Monument Association. 1991.

McManus, Michael. A Treasury of American Scrimshaw: A Collection of the Useful and Decorative. New York: Penguin, 1997.

Penniman, T. K. Pictures of Ivory and other Animal Teeth, Bone and Antler; With a brief commentary on their use in identification. University of Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, Occasional Paper on Technology Nº5, [1952] 1984.

Ridley, Donald E.; and Stuart M. Frank. Frederick Myrick: Scrimshaw Catalogue Raisonné. Kendall Whaling Museum Monograph Series, Nº 13. 2000.

Ridley, Donald E.; and Janet West. Frederick Myrick: Physical Characteristics of the Scrimshaw. Kendall Whaling Museum Monograph Series, Nº 14. 2000.

West, Janet; and Arthur G. Credland. Scrimshaw: The Art of the Whalers. Hull (U.K.): Hull City Museums & Art Galleries; Beverley, E. Yorks. (U.K.): Hutton Press, 1995.

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